Balanced market, but obvious risks
This weekly report is an excerpt from our Short-Term Outlook service analysis, which covers a period of eight quarters and provides monthly forecasts for crude oil, natural gas, NGL, refined products, base petrochemicals and biofuels. Contact John Paisie (+1-832-517-7544 or E-mail) for the detailed analysis or for more information about the Short Term Outlook.
The price of Brent crude ended the week at $86.66 after closing the previous week at $87.63. The price of WTI ended the week at $79.68 after closing the previous week at $81.64.
We are expecting that, for the most part, the price of Brent crude will remain in a channel between $80 and $90, given that supply/demand will be relatively balanced. The concerns about the global economy and the major economies will establish a ceiling on oil prices, while OPEC+ will place a floor under prices. The Joint Ministerial Monitoring Committee (JMMC) of OPEC+ is scheduled to meet on February 1. We do not expect any changes in OPEC+ policy from this meeting, given the current supply/demand situation and price levels. Furthermore, this is not a full OPEC+ meeting (the next such meeting not scheduled until June).
Additionally, geopolitics will affect the oil market. The next milestone will be the imposition of the sanctions on Russian exports of oil products, which are scheduled to take effect on February 5. The biggest concern associated with the sanctions pertains to the diesel market, given that Europe is dependent on imports of diesel fuel, including significant imports from Russia. Additionally, the diesel demand has remained relatively robust, even during much of the COVID-19 pandemic. Coupled with the diesel demand, the supply of diesel was reduced because of refining rationalization, including closures in the US and the reduction of diesel exports from China. The result was a significant drawdown in diesel inventories. The dynamic, however, started changing at the end of 2022 with China’s exports ramping up in the November and December (more than doubling the exports of October), in part, from the increased utilization associated with China’s independent refineries along with China increasing the export quotas at the beginning of the 4Q. The export quotas were increased again at the beginning of 2023.
During the same period, Europe has been rebuilding its diesel inventories with increased imports, including at Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp (ARA) region where diesel/gasoil inventories have reach16.5 million barrels, which is the highest level since the first half of 2021. The increase stems from imports from other destinations, but also because imports from Russia have remained substantial.
We do not expect any major disruptions to the oil product market because of the sanctions , given the rigorousness and flexibility of the global supply chain associated with crude oil and oil products. This view is reinforced by the path of the Russian oil exports within context of the G7 price cap that was imposed on December 5. During December, Russia’s crude exports only decreased by 200,000 b/d and still averaged 7.8 million b/d.
There remains, however, the risk of the Russia – Ukraine conflict escalating and expanding beyond the borders of Ukraine. The longer the conflict goes on the greater the risk and the greater the range of outcomes and implications.
For a complete forecast of refined products and prices, please refer to our Short-term Outlook
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