What's Affecting Gas Prices the Week of March 19, 2019?

Key Points: With warm weather sweeping across United States, field production increased marginally due to absence of freezeoffs. Average field production increased by 4 Bcf week-on-week and ended in 84.40 Bcf/d for the report week ended Mar 15. Warm weather resulted in sharp decline in demand by almost 28 Bcf/d w-o-w. Prompted by high production and low demand, Canada imports dropped by 5 Bcf and Mexico exports increased by 0.07 Bcf.

Our analysis leads us to expect a 48 Bcf withdrawal will be reported by EIA this Thursday, a good bit below the 57 Bcf five year average withdrawal and in comparison with the current 51 Bcf consensus whisper expectation.

Last week withdrawal of 204 Bcf was a surprise high withdrawal for the 2nd week, and was almost double the five-year average withdrawal. Our March winter exit rate is forecasted at 1.0 Tcf, still within five-year values. We do not expect any price movements at Henry Hub given that natural gas fundamentals are likely to remain stable for the remainder of the winter.


Storage – Neutral

We estimate a storage withdrawal of 48 Bcf will be reported by EIA this week for the week ended Mar 15. This level is almost a fourth of the value forecasted for last week. We had predicted a 215 Bcf withdrawal for prior week and overshot the EIA report value by 11 Bcf. The EIA draw will be closer to the five-year average value because of mix of warm and cool weather. Accordingly, we expect storage to be a neutral driver this week.

Weather – Negative

NOAA weather forecasts for 6-10 day period through Mar 24 shows a warming trend for major parts of Lower 48. Only portions of South are witnessing lower than normal temperatures for late March. This is is seen in the marked drop in the heating demand in Midwest and Northeast portions of the United States. Weather conditions are slightly cooler for this week compared to the prior week, albeit only slightly.

Supply – Negative

In the absence of freezeoffs and any conditions upsetting wellhead production, the average field supply increased marginally to 84.40 Bcf/d for the report week. We believe this supply is only going to increase as we move into spring and summer. Not all of this supply might be going to satisfy domestic demand. Industrial units and power plants will take up a portion of supply, so will LNG exports. All in, we see supply as exerting negative pressure to prices this week.

Demand – Neutral

As the weather warms up throughout Lower 48, winter heating demand is expected to fall. Demand from other structural demand side drivers fell significantly by 6 Bcf/d or 42 Bcf for the report week. We see that the demand from major categories has remained close to the averages for the first three days of the current week compared to the same period as report week. This week we see demand as neutral.

Flows – Neutral

We note that there is lots of stranded gas in the Permian Basin because of an equipment failure on El Paso Natural gas pipeline. El Paso local prices have gone down because of the disturbance however, the effect of national benchmark of Henry Hub is neutral.

Trader Sentiment – Neutral

We expect the market to hold on the prices around $2.80 range. The CFTC's 3/15/2019 commitment of traders report for NYMEX natural gas futures and options showed that reportable financial positions (Managed Money and Other) on 3/12/2019 were 24,229 net short while reportable commercial operator positions came in with a 10,843 net short position as well. We see trader sentiment as being neutral.