Welcome to the next installment in the soft launch of What’s Affecting Gas Prices This Week, a new weekly offering from the integrated global energy advisory professionals of Stratas Advisors. We welcome your feedback and intend to continue to build the offering as we have done in with the What’s Affecting Oil Prices This Week which has garnered a significant following in the 40+ months since it was launched.
Key Points: Bloomberg scrapes show us that gas field production was higher by a bit more than 450 MMcf/d or nearly 3.2 bcf for the week. Demand fell in all domestic categories (8.6 bcf/d or 60 bcf over the week), and even export market flows fell (by 0.15 bcf/d combined or 1 bcf over the week). Canadian imports rose 89 MMscf/d and helped widen the market.
It may not be too early to note that if we continue to see above-normal withdrawals, we think the market could easily see well-below normal ending levels of gas in working storage at or before the end or March 2019. With every week of supra-normal withdrawals, it will become increasingly clear that this winter will end with gas working storage levels below 1 TCF. That ought to tighten fundamentals and likely move gas prices as that date approaches.
Supply - Negative
Higher field supply will likely show up in the forthcoming report this Thursday, and we think this will continue to ramp up along with greater associated gas production from multiple sources including the Bakken play, offshore, and the Permian Basin. We do not anticipate any supply reductions based on freezeoffs or delayed LNG import deliveries. Accordingly, supply will offer little but negative pressure to this week's price activity.
Weather - Negative
Heating demand appears to be stronger than average given the cold blasts seen over Thanksgiving week which continues into the current week. But along with that, snow is disrupting travel and other work-a-day activities which could be a downer for demand. In the holiday week and subsequent slack days that normally see lower power demand, we think the winter winds of the west in Texas are generating strong wind energy output (West Texas hosts about 25% of the nation's wind capacity) at the expense of west-Texas gas demand. The Permian Waha hub spot price went negative reportedly on 11/26/18 and is hovering today under $0.80/MMBtu. We anticipate winter peaking wind energy will challenge W. Texas gas demand and Texas gas prices, ceteris paribas, through the springtime. All in, we see Weather as being negative driver for gas prices this week.
Trader Sentiment – Negative
We have been commenting that the commodity price momentum since October has largely run much of its course already for this early in the season. Last week we saw trader sentiment as negative. Then spot intraday prices at press time of our report last week was at $4.65/MMBtu. Today, intraday prices as of press time today are at $4.28/MMBtu. The CFTC's 11/23/2018 commitment of traders report for NYMEX natural gas futures and options showed that reportable financial positions (Managed Money and Other) on 11/20/2018 were just 25,925 net long, and overall net long positions declined in the most recent week which adds another week to the string of consecutive net long declines.
Storage - Neutral
We estimate a storage withdraw of 70 bcf will be reported by the EIA this week for the week ended November 23. In our prior forecast, we estimated a gas withdrawal of 120 bcf for the week ended November 16 which was at the time higher than the 111 bcf consensus estimate. We were right directionally, but the actual reported 134 bcf withdrawal was even higher. That's the first of several consecutive withdrawals that we anticipate throughout the rest of the 2018/2019 winter heating season. But our 70 bcf withdrawal expectation for this week is a little more than half of our previous week's expectation and even less than last week's reported figure. So this week's lighter withdrawal may be leading the market bulls to take a breather. All in, we see Storage changes as being a Neutral driver for gas prices this week.
Demand - Neutral
We see a neutral effect for structural demand side drivers this week. The report week ended November 23 will see lighter demand as a result of the national Thanksgiving holiday albeit offset in part by stronger heating demand in most of the consuming region. However, strong winter winds will cause generation by wind turbines to ramp especially in Texas and that will hold down regional demand there.
Flows - Neutral
Absent any freeze offs or other upset conditions beyond the known pressure and flow restriction on the import pipeline in British Columbia, we see Flows being a neutral driver for gas prices this week.