February 20, 2020

Five Countries Move Up in Top 100 Ranking on Diesel Sulfur Limits

Stratas Advisors

This excerpt is from a report that is available to subscribers of Stratas Advisors’ Global Fuel Specifications services.

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Stratas Advisors’ annual Top 100 ranking again confirms the continued worldwide movement toward lower sulfur content in diesel and cites a number of countries that have positioned themselves through policy initiatives to make advances in this area in the near future. However, it is worthwhile to note that aspects other than sulfur reduction ― among them cetane, lubricity, polyaromatics, density and cold flow ― are important in determining diesel quality.

The last ranking was carried out in February 2019 (see Insights, Feb. 28, 2019). EU countries, required to implement 100% market penetration of sulfur-free (less than 10 ppm) fuels since January 2009, continue to dominate the Top 40. Sweden, which led the way with full market penetration in 1990, continues to reign at No. 1.

Five countries moved up or were newly added to the 2020 ranking, compared to the 13 countries in the 2019 ranking. Led by Moldova which ranks at 59th place, the five countries include:

  • Benin
  • Kenya
  • Moldova
  • Namibia
  • Uruguay

Many of the other countries that dropped in the ranking (e.g. Brazil) did not alter their diesel fuel specifications but were simply passed by others that implemented stricter sulfur limits or supplied lower sulfur fuels ahead of legislation. Furthermore, two countries of Mexico and Myanmar dropped out of the 2020 ranking and were replaced by Benin and Namibia as they enter the Top 100 for the first time. This is due to reductions in sulfur limits that have been implemented over the past year, or supply of lower sulfur diesel on the domestic market. Benin jumped the farthest by 51 places to rank at 90th place, followed by Namibia which jumped 29 places to co-rank at 75th place with Georgia. In addition, Moldova, Uruguay and Kenya jumped 12 places to rank at 59th, 68th and 69th place respectively.

Brazil and Tajikistan sit at the last place (99th) with a maximum sulfur limit of 500 ppm which was in force as of January 2014, thus displacing other countries out of the Top 100 which set the same sulfur limit later than 2014. Even though cities and provinces are not officially ranked, it is worthwhile to note that select cities and provinces of Brazil, India, Iran and Peru required diesel fuel with lower sulfur of 50 ppm or below ahead of the rest of the country. For example, Brazil required 10 ppm sulfur diesel in select metropolitan regions since January 2013 while the rest of Brazil is currently required to meet a maximum sulfur limit of 500 ppm.

The map below shows current maximum on-road diesel sulfur limits worldwide, while the table below shows the Top 100 ranking. 

Maximum On-Road Diesel Sulfur Limits (2020)

 

Source: Stratas Advisors, February 2020

2020 Top 100 Diesel Sulfur Ranking

Rank

Country

Change

1

Sweden

+0

2

Germany

+0

3

Japan

+0

4

Finland

+0

5

Denmark

+0

Hungary

+0

Luxembourg

+0

Netherlands

+0

9

Portugal

+0

10

Australia

+0

Austria

+0

Belgium

+0

Bulgaria

+0

Cyprus

+0

Czech Republic

+0

Estonia

+0

France

+0

Greece

+0

Iceland

+0

Ireland

+0

Israel

+0

Italy

+0

Latvia

+0

Liechtenstein

+0

Lithuania

+0

Malta

+0

New Zealand

+0

Norway

+0

Poland

+0

Romania

+0

Slovakia

+0

Slovenia

+0

South Korea

+0

Spain

+0

Switzerland

+0

United Kingdom

+0

Turkey

+0

North Macedonia

+0

39

Hong Kong

+0

40

Armenia

+0

41

Albania

+0

Croatia

+0

Montenegro

+0

Taiwan

+0

Kosovo

+0

46

New Caledonia

+0

#

Brazil, Select Cities

 

47

Singapore

+0

Serbia

+0

49

United Arab Emirates

+0

50

Belarus

+0

Suriname

+0

52

Russia

+0

Morocco

+0

54

Macau

+0

55

China

+0

Mayotte

+0

57

Ukraine

+0

#

India, Delhi

 

58

Fiji

+0

59

Moldova

+12

60

Canada

-1

61

United States

-1

62

Guam

-1

63

Chile

-1

64

Panama*

-1

65

Bermuda*

+0

Curacao*

+0

67

Thailand

+0

68

Uruguay

+12

69

Kenya

+12

Paraguay

-1

71

Philippines

-2

Bosnia & Herzegovina

-1

73

India

-2

74

Kazakhstan

-1

75

Georgia

-1

Namibia

+29

77

Colombia

-2

78

Syria*

-2

French Polynesia

-2

#

Peru, Select Cities

 

80

Costa Rica

-2

81

Mauritius

-2

#

Iran, Select Cities

 

82

Rwanda

-1

Tanzania

-1

Uganda

-1

85

Malawi

+0

86

Nigeria

+0

Ghana

+0

Mozambique

+0

89

Zimbabwe

+0

90

Benin

+51

91

Bhutan*

-1

92

Lebanon

-1

93

Mongolia

-1

94

South Africa

-1

95

Vietnam

-1

96

Bahrain

-1

97

Malaysia

-1

98

Saudi Arabia

-1

99

Brazil

-1

Tajikistan

-1

Notes:

# Not actually included in ranking; highlighted for significant achievement.

* Best ranking based on available information.

Source: Stratas Advisors, February 2020

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